Some Ethical Issues in Health Care – Requirements and Treatments

When it comes to health care ethical issues, there are almost as many ethical issues as there are health issues to be treated. There are laws in place to direct the behavior of almost every person in the health care personnel chain, from the nurse to the nurses aide who assists them and the doctor who ultimately gets to try and make the decisions to treat within the confines of the insurance system ruling over the life of the patient in question.There are ethical issues that are clearly defined, such as the requirements for treatment decisions when a patient has a Medical Power of Attorney or a Living Will. Then there are thealth care ethical issues that don’t have such clearly defined areas, such as whether it is allowable to withhold a possible lifesaving treatment from a patient only because their insurance will not pay for it.Health care providers must make their treatment decisions based on a great many determining factors, perhaps the most constraining of which is the insurance reimbursement regime. If doctors and other health care providers could just treat their patients and have only that to worry about, what a wonderful world it would be. But doctors have to constantly worry about whether or not they and possibly the facility where they practice will be paid by the insurance companies. The next most important factor which affects health care providers ability to provide the care patients truly need is whether or not the patient has been truthful with the information they have given to the health care provider, and whether or not they have had access to health care to establish and maintain their health care needs.Ethical concerns also come into play with patients whose family constellations are unclear. A patient who has a spouse has a straightforward next of kin when decisions have to be made. When a patient is separated from their spouse, and even perhaps has a new significant other, the next of kin can be much more difficult to determine, and protecting all health care providers-doctors, hospitals, etc from the liability risk of allowing the person who does not have a legal right to make decisions for a patient is a necessity. The health care ethical issues presented by these kinds of situations are very delicate.One important ethical concern in health care is the need to protect oneself from the very real danger of the transmission of communicable diseases in bodily fluids. Especially in cases where a patients history is not available, health care providers have the right and the responsibility to protect themselves from viruses and bacteria that may be present in the body fluids of patients to which they are exposed taking care of these patients. However, this must be balanced with the possibility of making patients feel accused or uncomfortable by these same protective measures.One last important health care ethical issues, especially in this day in age, is the protection of private, personally identifying information. Patients records used to be kept in public places where almost anyone could read them-filing pockets outside their doors, for instance. This kind of situation is not longer allowed, and records are more closely guarded nowadays, and many hospitals now rely on records kept entirely on computers.Ethical issues are a part of almost every field, but health care has a special place in the system, where people are trusted with making those who are sick feel better, those who are injured able to return to their prior lives, and those who have chronic conditions and those who love them more able to cope with the demands of living with those conditions.

Are Health Care Degrees Available Online?

The health care industry is very broad and consists of numerous professions outside of becoming a doctor or nurse. Students interested in working in health care have many educational options to choose from. Degree programs are available online from many colleges and universities.Because the field is so broad, students choose a concentrated area to gain their education in. Becoming an epidemiologist, vascular technologist, physical trainer, wellness instructor, and much more are some professions that can be entered when students work through a health care degree program. Specific areas of instruction can include:Health EducationHealth SciencesPublic HealthOnline schooling offers students certificate programs and degrees at various levels making it possible for students to complete the correct training for their chosen field. Students should research what educational requirements exist so they understand how long schooling will take. This is essential so students finish the correct amount of schooling for their desired occupation. Some careers may only require students to complete an associate’s degree program and others may require graduate degree training. Education online allows new students and already working professionals to gain the necessary knowledge to advance within a specific health care industry.Students that want to work in the administrative side of health care have the option of entering health information technician training. Coursework centers on teaching students about the maintenance of health records. This facet of the industry is extremely important for proper health care delivery and billing. Education focuses on giving students the skills to understand medical terminology, pathophysiology, data management, and pharmacology. Online education is widely available at the associate’s and bachelor’s degree levels, which give students the knowledge to become health information technicians.Individuals that want to work more in the medical treatment side of the industry can consider enrolling in a physician assistant program. Students learn how to work alongside a physician by performing patient exams and ordering lab tests. Schooling provides students with the ability to practice medicine when supervised. Students explore numerous health care services that may include treating minor injuries, diagnosing illnesses, and prescribing medications. Most online schooling opportunities are at the master’s degree level because it’s the standard educational level required for work. However, certificate and bachelors degree programs are offered to prepare students for graduate training.Other possible degree programs prepare students to teach others about good health practices and enter a variety of occupations as radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists, health scientists, and nutritionists. Degree programs in public health, health education, and health science can be completed at multiple levels through online education.Health care careers are available to students that have an education. Accredited online colleges and universities offer training and students can enter a career in the industry upon completion. Full accreditation is provided to programs that offer students a quality education that will prepare them for a successful career. Agencies like the Distance Education and Training Council (http://www.detc.org) are approved to accredited online learning programs. Students should explore the many schooling options available and begin the process of entering the field.DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved by PETAP.org.

Children and Medicine – Tips to Help the Medicine Go Down

One of the most frustrating and helpless feelings as a parent comes when your child is sick and blatantly refuses to take the medicine that you know will help make her better. If you’re one of these parents and have a fickle child who will not take medicine of any kind, don’t panic. There are some creative methods that work.My daughter is extremely sensitive to tastes and smells. It has always been difficult to get her to take any medicine orally, or even topically if it has any kind of odour. The only medicine she would take orally as a baby was gripe water because she loved the taste of it. Gripe water is given for the relief of minor stomach upsets such as colic, cramps, flatulence and hiccups and can be purchased at most pharmacies and health stores. I have taken advantage of this through the years and used it as an aid in administering some medicines to her such as an anti-nauseant or acetaminophen. Most medicines for children do come in a variety of flavours and forms including liquid, chewable tablets and suppositories. If you find one is not working with your child keep switching flavours and forms until you find one that he/she will consider taking. Here are some ideas that worked for me plus more great suggestions from other mothers I spoke to.Liquid Medicine:If your children run every time they see the medicine dropper try giving the liquid on a fun spoon that has their favourite character on it. Measure the medicine first in the medicine dropper and transfer it to their favourite spoon. If you don’t have a favourite spoon yet go on a special shopping spree and have them pick out the spoon they like. This puts an element of fun into taking the medicine.If you are using the dropper, squeeze the liquid into the side cheek area where they won’t spit it out so easily. The roof of the mouth or on the tongue is highly sensitive to taste and touch which may cause the child to gag or spit it out.Sandra, a mother of two children under the age of six, had this idea to share.”My son always takes his medicine through a straw,” she says.Sue has three children and has a hard time convincing her 10 year old son to take pills.”He still refuses to take pills and will only take medicine in liquid form. This can get quite costly since he needs to take more of the liquid according to his age and weight.”Suppositories:Suppositories are soft capsules which melt when inserted into the rectum. These can be a successful alternative if your child is unable to keep anything in the stomach. If your child is afraid of the suppositories try inserting them while he is asleep. If he is a heavy sleeper he won’t feel a thing. If he wakes up it’s usually after the suppository has already been inserted and the only thing left to do is to comfort him.Chewable Tablets:Chewable tablets are popular for the 2 – 12 age group. They come in different flavours and forms such as “softchews” that dissolve quickly in the mouth so the taste and texture doesn’t linger (or before the child has a chance to spit it out!). To help with the regular chewable tablets try giving your child a bit of fruit such as banana or strawberry to chew with the tablet. For older children who are learning to swallow pills eating a banana or taking a teaspoon of mayonnaise afterward will help slide it down.Mixing Tablets With Food or Liquid:If you cannot find a flavoured chewable tablet that your child will take try crushing the tablet and mixing it with a favourite food or liquid. Before doing this confirm with your doctor that the food/liquid and medicine can be mixed together safely and effectively.Using a pill crusher (a garlic presser works just as well) crush the tablets and mix them into a desired food such as applesauce, ice cream, jello or pudding. If the colour of the crushed tablet mixed with the food makes your child suspicious, sprinkle some rainbow sprinkles (used to decorate cakes) on top for camouflage, or try crushing the tablets and mixing with a few drops of water first to dissolve. This mixture can then be added to a liquid such as gripe water, juice or water. When using a syringe, squirt the liquid into the side of the mouth and follow up with a favourite treat.Treats & Sweets:Children need to know there’s something good coming after the anguish of taking medicine. Theresa, mother of three, is thankful her children are quite cooperative when it comes to taking medicine.”My oldest daughter, age 7, needs only a drink of juice or water as a chaser after taking her medicine,” she says.Here are some ideas for chasers, providing of course there are no allergies:* Teaspoon of honey (never give honey to a child under age two)* Water or juice* Gripe water* Tsp. of chocolate sauce* Tsp. of ice cream* Chocolate milk* Popsicle or freezie* Ice cube (can also be used before to numb the taste buds)Medicinal Information:As a safety precaution, always check with your doctor on the name, dosage and strength of a prescribed medicine for your child before you give the prescription form to the pharmacist. Doctors’ prescriptions are often illegible so when the pharmacist fills the prescription, you can check the label yourself to make sure it’s right.Acetaminophen- relieves fever & pain- comes in various forms including liquid, tablets (chewable & regular) and suppositoriesAntihistamine- relieves hay fever symptoms, itch due to allergic reactionsAntibiotics- prescription medicines that kill bacteriaIbuprofen- relieves fever & pain- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug- comes in tablet or liquid formAnti-nauseant- prevention & treatment of nausea and vomiting- comes in various forms including liquid, tablets (chewable & regular), and suppositoriesDecongestant- relieves nasal congestion- sometimes used in combination with antihistamines to combat colds and allergiesOral Rehydration Solution- liquid containing water, sugar & mineral salts- used during bouts of diarrhea and vomitingTalk in Children’s Language:Make the medicinal process into a game or story. One mother wisely used this method to her advantage when she told a story to her son about what was happening inside his body when he was sick. The story was about how a superhero (the medicine) used his mind and weapons to fight against the enemy (the virus) and won.The 1 2 3 counting method can also be useful. Counting gives a child some time to get mentally ready to take the medicine. By the time you get to “3″she knows it’s time to take the medicine.Another mother tells about the playful way she gives medicine to her son. “I tell him to hold his nose, open his mouth and close his eyes. It works every time!”Finally, don’t forget that timing is everything. Avoid giving children medicine when they’re over-tired. Children become very unreasonable when they’re tired and administering a medicine they dislike may become an impossible task. Matching up good timing with some of these creative methods, and lots of love and patience, will help the medicine go down and give you peace of mind.Copyright © 2008 by Lisa Azimi

Are You Choosing the Right Stock Market Advisory Company

What do you do if you want to learn driving a car? You will try to find an expert teacher, isn’t it? You do not want to avail the services of a novice individual to help you out, but a professional person can provide you the vital tips and most importantly guide you efficiently. Similarly, when it comes to investing in the stock market for the first time, you require a knowledgeable advice to attain your financial goals and get profitable returns.

If you are a beginner, then it is quite obvious that you may be having no information about the process of buying the right shares in the market. In such a situation, getting the right tips from an experienced financial advisor or a registered advisory company will truly prove to be a great blessing in disguise. However, there are some of the important things that have to be kept in mind while choosing the top stock market advisory company, which are as follows:

How much assistance do you actually require?

Before you make up your mind to hire an advisor, it is imperative that you must first decide about the kind of service you require from them. You may need their help at the beginning or during the time of any issues. This is because an advisor has to formulate a map according to your requirements. Hence, it is suggested to ascertain your needs first and then take further action.

Choose a top ranked advisory company

It is a very important point that has to be taken into the consideration. Availing services of the well known advisory company or a financial advisor is an absolute necessity. Make it a point to carry out a proper background or research work about the company. Check out their credentials, reputation, experience, etc before hiring them.

Asking for a sample financial plan initially makes sense

When hiring a financial advisor, then do not forget to ask for sample plan first. It is imperative to note that there is no such thing called the perfect plan. A sample plan will help you to determine whether an advisory company is actually making sense according your requirements or not.

Conclusion

The financial planners or advisory companies can really turn out to be the greatest asset for you if you choose the best one. They are just like the professional sailors who can help you out to sail through stock investment related problems quite efficiently.

Deepak is a financial advisor who likes to provide quality tips to the people facing any issues with regard to investing in the stock market. He likes to keep himself updated about the stock market by reading articles, news and blogs, etc.

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